En studie publisert i British Journal of Criminology peker på at neddoping av kvinner ved å tilsette f.eks. Rohypnol i drinken deres, for deretter å utnytte dem seksuelt, i stor grad er en myte:
Nick Ross, chair of the Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science, commented: «There is no evidence of widespread use of hypnotics in sexual assault, let alone Rohypnol, despite many attempts to prove the contrary.
«During thousands of blood and alcohol tests lots of judgement-impairing compounds were discovered, but they were mostly street drugs or prescription pharmaceuticals taken by the victims themselves, and above all alcohol was the common theme.
As Dr Burgess observes, it is not scientific evidence which keeps the drug rape myth alive but the fact that it serves so many useful functions.«
Og hvilke nyttige funksjoner er det som antydes? Jo, bl.a. at å skylde på drink-spiking kan være en måte for ungdommer å unndra seg ansvaret for alkoholens effekt:
A study of more than 200 students revealed many wrongly blamed the effects of a «bad night out» on date-rape drugs, when they had just drunk excessively.
Many are in «active denial» that drinking large amounts of alcohol can leave them «incoherent and incapacitated», the Kent University researchers concluded.
Young women’s fears about date-rape drugs are so ingrained that students mistakenly think it is a more important factor in sexual assault than being drunk, taking drugs or walking alone at night.
The study, published in the British Journal of Criminology, found three-quarters of students identified drink spiking as an important risk – more than alcohol or drugs.
Det er et problem når en myte blir så innkodet i ungdommers virkelighetsoppfatning at det roter til deres risikoanalyse. Det blir på mange måter tilsvarende til foreldres irrasjonelle og oppblåste frykt for «internettovergripere» – en frykt som totalt mangler rot i virkeligheten – eller frykten for «fremmede menn»:
Dr Adam Burgess from the university’s School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research, said: «Young women appear to be displacing their anxieties about the consequences of consuming what is in the bottle on to rumours of what could be put there by someone else.