Stikkord: <span>Supreme Court</span>

Each year since 1997, the US-based Electronic Privacy Information Center and the UK-based Privacy International have undertaken what has now become the most comprehensive survey of global privacy ever published. The Privacy & Human Rights Report surveys developments in 70 countries, assessing the state of surveillance and privacy protection.

Se resultatene her. Norge kommer dessverre ikke veldig godt ut, men er betydelig bedre enn skrekknasjoner som USA, Russland, England og Kina. Hellas er eneste land som får klassifiseringen «Consistently upholds human rights standards».

Her er noen nøkkelpunkter for Norge:

* No specific constitutional protection, though Supreme Court early on decided that there is a general legal protection of ‘personality’
* Comprehensive privacy law, though some police databases are excluded
* Mobile phones must all be registered, and retention is in place
* Data Privacy Authority is within administration wing of government but is expected to be independent
* Data protection tribunal has made a number of questionable decisions, e.g. Audiotape of telephone conversation does not fall under the law
* Whistleblowing law in 2007 lets workers remain anonymous
* Mandatory disclosure of information to Child Welfare authorities
* Police certificate is required to apply for citizenship; though other safeguards were implemented
* Court order for interception, for period of 4 weeks, with a supervisory board that oversees process, after years of abuses
* Created a database of asylum seekers with fingerprint data, which is open to the police for criminal investigations
* Government merged a number of welfare databases without implementing adequate access restrictions
* Government intends to require DNA for all convicted
* Ratified Cybercrime convention

Flere detaljer om Norge finner du her.

Diverse Politikk Samfunn og verden

2007 10 23 2257B

A federal appeals court has ruled today that the 2257 record keeping laws that have beleagured the adult industry for years now are in direct violation of First Amendment rights, specifically in regard to the definition of “sexually explicit conduct”.

Denne loven, på folkemunne kalt bare 2257, men hvis fulle navn er “18 USC 2257, the Federal Record Keeping and Labeling Requirements”, har lenge vært en varm potet i USA. Loven er nesten 20 år gammel, og kom til som et resultat av President Reagans konservative kamp mot pornografi:

The adult entertainment industry has been in the sights of the federal government for years. The Attorney General’s Commission on Pornography (“Meese Commission”) was established at the request of President Ronald Reagan in 1985. The Commission was tasked to “determine the nature, extent, and impact on society of pornography in the United States, and to make specific recommendations to the Attorney General concerning more effective ways in which the spread of pornography could be contained, consistent with constitutional guarantees.” One recommendation that was made, and is the cause for concern for all in the adult entertainment industry, was Recommendation 37.

Congress should enact a statute requiring the producers, retailers or distributors of sexually explicit visual depictions to maintain records containing consent forms and proof of performers’ ages

This recommendation resulted in the enactment of 18 USC 2257 in 1988.

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